Gum Treatment and Periodontal Disease

Details about our services

What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the gums. The main cause is dental plaque. If not removed regularly, plaque can accumulate between your teeth and around the gums. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis, a more serious level of gum disease.

Gingivitis Symptoms:

  • Gingivitis generally does not cause pain.

  • Signs of gingivitis include red, spongy, shiny, or swollen gums that bleed easily, even during regular tooth brushing.

  • Gingivitis may only affect a small area of the mouth in the early stages. If it progresses, gingivitis can affect the entire mouth.

Gingivitis Causes:

It occurs when the bacteria in plaque releases toxins that irritate the gums and cause inflammation, leading to infection and bad breath. Oral health problems, smoking and diabetes can cause gingivitis as well.

Woman with inflammation of the gums

Treating Gingivitis

Gingivitis is both preventable and treatable. If you see signs of gingivitis, call us and make an appointment for an exam and assessment of your oral health. Our dentist and dental hygienist can best determine the appropriate gingivitis treatment for you.

Gingivitis illustration

FAQs:

Periodontitis is the advanced stage of gingivitis where not only are the gums affected but the underlying bone tissue is also damaged. The role of the bone tissue is to support and anchor teeth in placed therefore once its deteriorated, the surrounding teeth will develop complications such as mobility, pain, infection, gum recession, loss of chewing capabilities and tooth loss.

Treatment

Treatment includes professionally cleaning the sockets around teeth, to prevent damage to surrounding bone, along with medication and surgical procedures.

Self-care:

  • Tooth polishing: using a gritty paste and rotating brush to remove stains on the surface of the teeth
  • Oral hygiene: keeping mouth clean by regularly brushing teeth, flossing and using mouthwash